Holocaust in Croatia

Holocaust survivors Database

Holocaust survivors database is new project of the Research and documentation center CENDO (dr. Švob Melita and eng. Vlahović Goran) in cooperation with Association of Holocaust survivors in Croatia, Jewish community and Claims Conference.

The task of the Holocaust survivors database is to gather and record available material, documents and personal information about individual survivors of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution in Croatia, whether or not currently living.

In Croatia collection of documents are particularly difficult because 80% of Jewish population was killed in Holocaust, and their communities, homes and families are destroyed. During the communistic era Holocaust victims are honored only as "Victims of fascisms".

Computer database for "Holocaust victims and survivors" with about 20.000 names, which is available for search on www.cendo.hr, has been established in 2000. by dr. Švob Melita and eng. Mirković Zoran (CENDO).

Holocaust survivors in Croatia are not completely recorded, 50% of survivors made Aliya (1948-1952) to Israel and lost property and citizenship. Survivors who stayed in Croatia did not received compensation, restitution or help from government or International Jewish organizations and fund, until fall of the Berlin Wall. First support to the "needy Holocaust survivors" in East European countries was "Swiss fund" in year 1998/1999 which received about 900 survivors living in 60 places in Croatia and concentrated in the Jewish community Zagreb (632).

Testimony of the survivors has crucial historical, educational and moral importance for remembrance of six millions of murdered Jews in the Holocaust. Survivors who personally experienced horror of the Holocaust (Shoah) are also victims, who have to live with memory and consequences of the persecution.

The easy and simple access to Holocaust survivors base will allow relatives and younger generations to trace missing relatives and friends, provide reference to public and scholars, deepen knowledge about Holocaust and record experiences of survivors for future generations.

New data are still being added to the database.